There is more complexity in Practical gas power. We can simplify our analysis by undertaking the given approximations which are known by the name as air standard assumptions.

(a) The fluid which is working is an ideal gas

(b)  Heats (cp&cv) which are specific in nature are constant.

(c) It is based on reversible cyclic process

(d) At the end of the heating process there is no dissociation

(e) The working fluid of circulating mass remains constant in the cycle.

(f) Addition  part of heat is done by an external source to the cycle

(g) Rejection part of the heat is done to an external sink to the cycle

(h) K.E. & P.E remain unchanged.

 

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