In the Carnot cycle, you will encounter four reversible methods. Among those four processes, two are frictionless isothermal and other two are frictionless adiabatics. Since this process was first invented by a French engineer named Nicolas Leonard P t Sadi Carnot in 1824, so this was named after him.

Characteristics and explanation:

 

Introduction to Carnot Cycle

 

For this process to work out properly Carnot used piston-cylinder and by the application of such mechanism some characteristics are clearly shown:

  • There is absolutely zero friction during this process between the piston and the cylinder.
  • The head of the cylinder is interchangeable and is arranged in a specific way so that it can work as both a conductor and an insulator.
  • The walls of the piston and the cylinder will perform as heat insulators.
  • The heat is transferred and then sinks in the source but while doing it the complete process isn’t hampered.

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