Public equity offering generally reflects the publicly traded shared on the stock exchange. Talking about what is offering of seasoned equity, well it is shares which are available for sale for the company which is traded publicly already. These offerings are not common, but in fact rare and is seen in the cases for corporations which are large, but it cannot include the connection with activities of M & A. Liquidity in fact is not considered a s big issue as compared to the bonds by the investors in stock. Please note that every share of the firm is not available to trade in the stock market. Some of them are just shared between the managers and the employees of the firm. The term used for such stocks which are repurchased by the firm itself is treasury stock!
Well, the stock market seems like an interesting exercise and activity, but it takes a lengthier procedure in the institution. Talking about equities which are seasoned, there are three mechanisms used to issue the same:
- A standard issue: In this case, the firm will always have the hole of some value per share before and after the offering in the stock market.
- A shelf offering: in this case, the firm introduces a shelf which is time duration to sell the shares in the market.
- A rights offering: This is not really common mechanism followed in United States. Under this mechanism, the firm offers the right to the existing share holders to purchase additional equity share on some margin.
But how is right offering different from plane crash offering. Well, in the case of right offering, if the shareholder does not participate in repurchasing, he will bear losses from the shares. In plain crash offering, the shareholder can opt to exit. So, in right offerings, the shareholders have no option but to follow the procedure of purchasing another share on the offered price of the firm.
Before we move further, it is important for you know what is Primary and secondary shares? Primary shares are known as those shares which are available in the market by the public peering is done by the firm itself. In this case, the proceeds are untitled to go towards the firm only. Secondary shares, on the other hand, are those shares which are offered or sold by the investor of the firm which means that the firm will not receive the proceeds of the same. And thus, these shares are generally known as insider sales as they are smaller than the primary one and create a negative impact on the stock market.