While going through the dual model of LPP it is encountered that it consists of alternative modeling instance which would further enable to identify varied information related to original problem which is referred as primal model. So, it is considerate enough to solve any one problem either primal or dual so that optimal solution can be obtained and through which optimal value can be generated through equivalent problem.

**Characteristics of dual problem**

When it comes to duality in linear programming, it states the following characteristics:

- It is said dual of the dual is regarded as primal
- In case two problems comes up with an infeasible solution, then the value of the other is certain to become unbounded
- In case any primal or dual problem comes with unbounded solution, then there is a possibility that the solution of other problem would be infeasible.
- If primal or dual problem offers a solution, then certainly the other has a solution too and optimal values would be equal.

**Relationship between primal and dual problem**

In case of linear programming, when it comes to primal problem each sub-optimal point need to satisfy the constraints and there would be a direction to move which can enhance objective function. While moving in such direction it is considered to remove slack that occurs between candidate solutions or in case of one or more constraints.

When it comes to dual problem, the dual vector has the ability to multiply constraints which can help in analyzing positions of constraints in primal. If there is a change in dual problem then it becomes equivalent to revising of upper bound in primal problem. An infeasible value when it comes to dual vector is often too low. The optimal solution can deliver with varied information related to primal and vice versa.

**Links of Previous Main Topic:-**

- Concept of capital expenditure
- Learning objectives and chapter outline
- Limitations of operations research
- Linear programming learning objectives and outline of chapter
- Introduction learning objectives

**Links of Next Finance Topics:-**

- Duality in linear programming lpp
- Dual problems when primal in standard form
- Interpreting primal dual optimal solutions
- Dual simplex method
- Revised simplex method
- Learning objectives
- Learning objectives and chapter outline in assignment model
- Minimization problems
- Learning objectives the transportation problems
- Special case of traveling sales man problem